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                  Carbohydrate Counting with Chronic Kidney Disease

                  What is carbohydrate counting?

                  Carbohydrate counting is a way for you to keep track of the amount of sugar, known as carbohydrates, that you eat. If you have diabetes, it is important to learn about carbohydrates found in food. Keeping track of your carbohydrate intake will help you control your blood sugar levels.

                  What is a carbohydrate?

                  A carbohydrate is a nutrient found in many foods and drinks that is turned into sugar (glucose) when you digest it. Any food or drink that has carbohydrates can raise your blood sugar. However, some foods and drinks will raise your blood sugar faster than others, depending on the type of carbohydrates they contain. There are two types of carbohydrates:

                  • complex carbohydrates or starches, which usually raise blood sugar more slowly (it takes your body longer to digest and absorb these)
                  • simple carbohydrates or sugars, which usually raise your blood sugar more quickly than complex carbohydrates

                  Where are carbohydrates found?

                  Carbohydrates are naturally found in many different foods.

                  CARBOHYDRATE
                  NOT A CARBOHYDRATE
                  BREAD
                  ROLLS
                  TORTILLA
                  RICE
                  PASTA
                  POTATO
                  CORN
                  DRIED BEANS
                  SODAS
                  FRUIT
                  FRUIT JUICE
                  MILK
                  YOGURT
                  CANDY
                  CAKE
                  COOKIES
                  ICE CREAM
                  BEEF
                  CHICKEN
                  FISH
                  LAMB
                  BUTTER
                  MAYONNAISE
                  CARROT
                  CUCUMBER
                  LETTUCE
                  CHEESE
                  EGGS
                  PORK
                  TURKEY
                  MARGARINE
                  OIL
                  CAULIFLOWER
                  GREEN BEANS
                  ZUCCHINI

                  Some carbohydrate foods may be used less often in your diet due to high potassium, sodium, or phosphorus content. Your dietitian will help you know which foods are best for you.

                  What is a serving size of carbohydrate?

                  A serving size of carbohydrate is the amount of food that will give you about 15 grams, or one serving, of carbohydrate. The serving size of carbohydrate varies depending on the type of food.

                  The following foods are examples of one serving of a carbohydrate food:

                  1 slice of bread
                  1 cup of fresh fruit
                  ? cup of canned fruit
                  ? cup dry cereal
                  ? cup hot cereal
                  ? cup mashed potatoes
                  ? cup corn

                  ? cup of pasta
                  1/3 cup of rice
                  1 medium sugar cookie
                  1 small piece cake, no icing
                  ? cup non dairy creamer
                  4 oz. juice or regular soda
                  6 pieces of hard candy

                  1 Fruit = 1 Milk = 1 Starch = 1 Low Calorie Dessert serving

                  Carbohydrate Counting and Meal Planning

                  Important things to remember when carbohydrate counting:

                  1. Eat at about the same time every day to keep blood sugars stable throughout the day.
                  2. Eat the same amounts of carbohydrate at each meal and snack.
                  3. Eat a meal or snack every 3-4 hours to keep blood sugars even.
                  4. Do not skip meals.

                  The amount of carbohydrate you need will depend on your weight and activity level. In general, 3 to 6 servings of carbohydrates are recommended at meals and 1 to 3 servings are recommended at each snack. Your dietitian will help you know how many servings are best for you.

                  You can check food labels for the grams of carbohydrates and convert the grams into servings. For example:

                  15 grams = 1 serving
                  30 grams = 2 servings
                  45 grams = 3 servings

                  Ask your dietitian to help with your carbohydrate counting plan.

                  Breakfast:___________________# of Carbohydrate Servings
                  Morning Snack:__________________# of Carbohydrate Servings
                  Lunch:_________________# of Carbohydrate Servings
                  PM Snack:_________________# of Carbohydrate Servings
                  Dinner:__________________# of Carbohydrate Servings
                  Bedtime Snack:_________________# of Carbohydrate Servings

                  Sample Meal Plan
                  Meals = 5 Carbohydrates, Snacks = 2 Carbohydrates

                   
                      Carbohydrate/Choices
                  Breakfast ? grapefruit 1
                    1 ? cups cold cereal 2
                    1 slice of toast 1
                    ? cup nondairy creamer without added phosphorus 1
                    6 oz tea or coffee 0
                   
                  Snack 1 small bagel 2
                    2 tablespoons of cream cheese 0
                    4 oz water 0
                   
                  Lunch Sandwich with 2 slices bread, 2 oz meat, 2 tsp mayonnaise 2
                    1 cup grapes 1
                    ? cup macaroni salad 1
                    1 medium sugar cookie 1
                    8 oz water or diet non-cola soda 0
                       
                  Snack 1 ? cups pretzels unsalted 2
                    4 oz water 0
                   
                  Dinner 4 oz steak 0
                    ? cup mashed potatoes with margarine 1
                    ? cup corn 1
                    1 cup fresh fruit 1
                    salad(lettuce, carrot, red peppers) with dressing 0
                    1 dinner roll 1
                    1 medium cookie 1
                    8 oz ice tea or diet non-cola soda 0
                   
                  Snack 6 low salt crackers 1
                    2 oz tuna with 2 tsp. mayonnaise 0
                    1 apple 1
                    4 oz water 0
                   
                  Total Carbohydrate Choices 21

                  If you would like more information, please contact us.

                  Acknowledgment: Reviewed by the Council on Renal Nutrition (02/2019)

                  ? 2019 National Kidney Foundation. All rights reserved. This material does not constitute medical advice. It is intended for informational purposes only. Please consult a physician for specific treatment recommendations.

                  Date Reviewed: 03-21-2019
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